Kpt [NEW]  beta 

manifests.transform and manifests.validate functionality powered by kpt

With Skaffold V2, skaffold now has a new render phase and associated manifests top level config field. Along with these changes, a manifests.transform and a manifests.validate field were added which allows users to specify kpt manifest transformations and validations to be done in the render phase. manifests.transform allows users to create a pipeline of manifest transformations which transform manifests via the specified container. For more information on the manifests.transform functionality see, the docs for kpt mutators here. For a list of kpt supported containers to use in the manifests.transform schema see the list here with the tag mutator. manifests.validate allows users to create a pipeline of manifest validations that run serially, checking the yaml manifests for the specified validation test. For more information on the manifests.validate functionality, see the docs for kpt validators [here] ( For a list of kpt supported containers to use in the manifests.validate schema see the list here with the tag validator.

Conceptually these top level fields remove the necessity of a separate Kptfile allowing more users to adopt the powerful rendering functionality kpt enables. Functionally, these fields are identical to having a seperate Kptfile with the manifests.transform -> pipeline.mutators and manifests.validate -> pipeline.validators.

An example showing how these fields can be used is below. Run skaffold render in a directory with the following files:


apiVersion: skaffold/v3alpha1
kind: Config
  name: guestbook
    - kpt-k8s-pod.yaml
    - name: set-annotations
        - "author:fake-author"
    - name: create-setters
        - "app:guestbook"
    - name: apply-setters
        - "app:guestbook-fake-author"
    - name: kubeval:v0.1


apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
  name: getting-started
  app: guestbook
  - name: getting-started
    image: nginx

The aboveconfiguration above adds a field with value fake-author, adds a kpt “setter” comment ( # kpt-set: ${app}) to the intermediate yaml, modifies the value at the location of the kpt “setter” field with the provided app value (app: guestbook-fake-author) and then validates that the yaml is valid yaml via kubeval.

Rendering with kpt using a Kptfile

kpt allows Kubernetes developers to customize raw, template-free YAML files for multiple purposes. Skaffold can work with kpt by calling its command-line interface.


To use kpt with Skaffold, add render type kpt to the manifests section of skaffold.yaml.

The kpt configuration accepts a list of paths to folders containing a Kptfile.


The following manifests section instructs Skaffold to render artifacts using kpt. Each entry should point to a folder with a Kptfile.

      - path/to/folder-with-Kptfile